The Arctic Pole

The North Pole is located in the central part of the Arctic Ocean. This is the intersection point of the earth’s axis of rotation with its surface. It is believed that this is the northernmost point in the world.Currently, during the summer period, when it is a polar day in the Arctic, Russia uses nuclear icebreakers for scientific expeditions across the Arctic to the pole itself. If you leave the port in the city of Murmansk, the road to the pole and back takes about 2 weeks, but it all depends on the climatic conditions and the route. Even in summer, most of the icebreaker’s path runs through the ice. In this regard, the speed of movement is very small, in places the thickness of the ice reaches several meters. It is also necessary to maneuver and move away from icebergs encountered on the way, a collision with which can end badly for an icebreaker. Research groups are engaged in observing changes in flora and fauna associated with global warming and the acceleration of ice melting.


The wildlife in the Arctic is not rich, and is best represented in the Franz Josef Land archipelago. On some islands there were research settlements built under the USSR, which are currently not working. At the moment, the Arctic is one of the most inaccessible places on earth. Due to climate change on earth, scientists have begun to show more and more interest in it.


In the summer of 2022, I took part in an expedition to the North Pole, the route of which passed through the archipelago of Franz Josef Land. We spent more than half of the journey on a nuclear icebreaker, breaking through the ice on our way, practically without communication and Internet, in conditions of constant daylight.